Sunday, February 19, 2012

Wild and Wonderful - Antelope Island State Park - The Birds

Birds of Antelope Island:

Before I get to the avian life of the island I'd like to provide a link from that has a checklist of the birds of Antelope Island that is downloadable. If you need ID help for the birds found on the island has a great photo gallery of the various species put together by the wonderful Milt Moody that are contributed by local bird photographers that can assist in ID.

Upland Game Birds:

Feeding Chukar (Alectoris chukar) - Nikon D200, f8, 1/1250, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
Chukars are the most visible of the upland game birds that inhabit the island, they do not migrate so they can be seen all year round. Although they are not native to North America the Chukars on Antelope Island have adapted well to their adopted home. My first sighting of a Chukar in the wild was on Antelope Island and I am still as thrilled today to photograph them as I was on my first to the island.

Other upland game birds that can be seen on the island are Ring-necked Pheasants, California Quail, Gray Partridges and I've seen Sharp-tailed Grouse there as well. Thankfully the birds on Antelope Island are not hunted.


California Gull (Larus californicus) chasing brine flies - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/1500, ISO 250, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
The Great Salt Lake and its surrounding marshes are a magnet for birds like gulls and terns. The Utah State Bird is the California Gull and it is often visible along the causeway to the island, the shoreline, in flight over the island and can also be found perched on the pavilions near the campgrounds and the Buffalo Grill.

I believe that although gulls are common they can be uncommonly beautiful photographed in the right light, in a great pose or interesting habitat.


Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) on a rock - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/320, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
There are many shorebirds that visit Antelope Island, the causeway to the island and the surrounding freshwater marshes, too many for me to post an image of each one so I will just post a few. I counted 35 on the checklist but some of those are rare vagrants, still that is a lot! Some of the shorebirds are just passing through the Salt Lake Valley during their migration further north to their breeding ground, the Killdeer pictured above nests on the island along with several other species.

Willet (Tringa semipalmata) wing lift - Nikon D200, f7.1, 1/750, ISO 400, 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm

Willets are another species of the shorebirds that nest on the island, prior to breeding season they can be seen quite often along the causeway but when they are nesting they can be seen in the grasses and on the rocks along the road. They let their presence be known by loud calling and wing displays. The bird above was displaying because another Willet was nearby and they don't seem to care for intruders on their territory.

Male Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus) - Nikon D200, f5.6, 1/640, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
It won't be very much longer before the Long-billed Curlews return to nest on Antelope Island and until I can hear their hauntingly beautiful calls. In Florida I never heard the calls of these graceful shorebirds, it is call that once you hear it, you'll never forget it. I am very much looking forward to their return.

In the summer the calls of American Avocets and Black-necked Stilts can easily be heard along the causeway and their numbers are in the thousands (and thousands). There are just so many shorebirds present at times I can't post a photo of them all but the checklist I linked to above shows all of the species.

Perching Birds:

Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia) on nest - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/640, ISO 500, +1.0 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR at 380mm
There are also more perching birds on the island than I can list, I didn't even try to count them so I'll just post some images of the ones I see often like this Black-billed Magpie on top of its nest. Black-billed Magpies are great fun to observe and photograph at any time of the year. Some people call them noisy but as a bird lover their raucous calls are music to my ears.

Common Raven (Corvus corax) with nesting material - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/1500, ISO 400, +0.7 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
Common Ravens are in the Jay, Crow and Allies family along with the Black-billed Magpies and they are among the smartest birds in the world. They can bee seen flying all over Antelope Island, on the ground, perched on bushes or harassing other birds and animals. Just a few weeks ago I saw them harassing Northern Harriers, a lone Coyote on a hill and a Rough-legged Hawk. Fiesty and fun!

Male Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus) displaying on sagebrush - Nikon D200, f7.1, 1/500, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x Tc at 400mm
There are several different species of Blackbirds present on the island which include Brewer's Blackbirds, the bird above is displaying for a female who was just outside of this frame. I love the beautiful iridescence that can been seen in their plumage when the light is at the right angle.

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) singing in early spring (low light) - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/160, ISO 400, +1.0 Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
I don't believe I have ever made a visit to Antelope Island without hearing or seeing Western Meadowlarks. Ever. During breeding season they seem unable to stop singing, you can tell they are trying to not sing but it just bursts forth anyway.  And when they are feeding nestlings it is not uncommon to see them with 25 or more bugs in their bills. I don't know how they don't drop them all.

Male Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris) - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/2000, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
Horned Larks are also year round residents on the island, they delight me with their soft calls while perched on rocks and in flight. I love their subtle coloration, the little bit of yellow on their faces and those tiny little horns. They can be seen out in the open, feeding in the grasses, perched on signs and singing from the top of boulders that dot the island. I can't resist taking photos of them.

Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus) juvenile - Nikon D200, f9, 1/500, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
Sage Thrashers are part-time residents of Antelope Island that breed and nest during the summer. Some years they show up in large numbers while other years there just aren't as many. I love to see them flitting from one sage brush to another or perched on the boulders like the juvenile shown above. I miss them during the winter but I know I'll get to see them again soon.
Perched Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) in low light - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/1000, ISO 400, +0.7 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
I am always tickled to see Loggerhead Shrikes on the island and normally I hear them just before I see them. They are classified as "songbirds" and they really do sing but to me they look and act like small raptors. They are fierce, aggressive and very interesting birds. During the winter their cousins; the Northern Shrikes can also been seen on the island, this winter I have seen a few but too far away to get decent images of them.

There are sparrows, doves, warbler, wrens, vireos, tanagers and many more perching birds that live on or visit Antelope Island, it is such a bird magnet!

American White Pelicans (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) in flight - Nikon D200, f7.1, 1/1000, ISO 250, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
American White Pelicans breed in the Great Salt Lake area and it isn't uncommon to see large flocks of them soaring in the thermals on clear days. These are huge birds with wingspans of up to 108 inches, nearly 30 inches longer than their relative the Brown Pelican. They are graceful and beautiful in flight.

Their cousins; the Double-crested Cormorants, are also seen in flight over the island from about March until late fall.

Ducks and Grebes:
Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) with Northern Shovelers (Anas clypeata) in the surf of the Great Salt Lake - Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/2000, ISO 640, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
Swans, geese and many species of ducks can be found in the waters of the Great Salt Lake and nearby freshwater marshes, I counted 29 of them on the bird checklist for Antelope Island.  Autumn and winter is awesome for seeing ducks along the causeway which sometimes number well over thousands within plain view.

For my Florida friends:  yes, we actually get surf on the Great Salt Lake when the winds are strong and our ducks seem to enjoy surfing!

Other water birds that can be sen on the lake are five species of Grebes, American Coots and occasionally Common Loons.

Hawks, Eagles and Falcons:
Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus) male in flight - Nikon D300, f9, 1/1000, ISO 640, +1.3 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, not baited
Antelope Island State Park is home year round for Golden Eagles and Bald Eagles are a common sight during the winter with fly overs and Bald Eagles sitting on the ice of the Great Salt Lake. Northern Harriers are year round residents that cruise along the causeway to the island, near the shorelines and over other areas of the island itself. Northern Harriers prefer voles as their diet and there must be plenty of those around to support the numbers of harriers that I have seen.

Osprey are seen flying over the island during migration, they don't fish in the Great Salt Lake because it is too saline for fish to live in but they do fish in the surrounding freshwater marshes and ponds.
Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus) in flight - Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/2500, ISO 640, +0.3 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 285mm, not baited
Rough-legged Hawks have been plentiful on the island this winter and I have been overjoyed with that happening. I have been able to observe them hunting, hovering, eating, perching, having aerial fights with each other, swooping towards their prey and in flight. I have learned much more about this species habits because they have been so abundant.

Other hawks that are found on the island include Sharp-shinned, Cooper's, Red-tailed and Swainson's Hawks.
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) male - Nikon D200, f7.1, 1/350, ISO 400, +1.0 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, not baited
Then there are the Falcons of Antelope Island. This beautiful little American Kestrel male was perched on a snow covered shrub while keeping an eye on me. They are the smallest falcon in North America but I don't think they know that, I've seen them dive bombing much larger birds than themselves. Feisty and small, that is what my mother used to say about me.
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) on prey in low light - Nikon D300, f7.1, 1/200, ISO 640, -0.3 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, not baited
Peregrine Falcons are permanent residents of the Antelope Island area, during warmer months they often feed on a variety of shorebirds and during the winter they eat ducks like this Northern Shoveler. Inflight they are very challenging to photograph because they fly so fast. This falcon wasn't bothered by my presence as it ate but it did keep an eye on me at times.
Juvenile Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) in early morning light - Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/2000, ISO 640, +0.3 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm at 400mm, not baited
Prairie Falcons are another year round resident of the area and I have had a great time this winter photographing them. Until this winter they were a nemesis bird for me, always too far away to get good photographs of, but they are a nemesis no more.

Merlins are seen during the winter on the island and the causeway, I'm still working on getting some images of them from the Antelope Island area.


Adult Barn Owl (Tyto alba) in flight - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/640, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x tc at 400mm, not baited
Barn Owls nest on the island and nearby locations, when the adults are feeding chicks they can be seen in flight during daylight. When we have a hard winter (and this year we are not) they can be seen hunting all day long. This Barn Owl was hunting near the beginning of the causeway to the island which is marshy and it has the mud on its feet from pouncing on prey.
Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) adult - Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/1000, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, not baited

Great Horned Owls can be seen and photographed in several locations on the island and are permanent residents. Since I was a child I have always been fascinated by Great Horned Owls so I am always thrilled to have an opportunity to photograph them.
Juvenile Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) flapping its wings - Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/1600, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm
I simply adore Burrowing Owls, they are little, cute, funny and stunningly beautiful. They are a pleasure to photograph and because they are often very animated it can be hilarious too. I have had to hold my breath to squelch my laughter at times just so my camera and lens wouldn't shake.

Other Owls that are seen on Antelope Island are Short-eared and Long-eared Owls. Northern Saw-whet Owls have also been seen and this winter there was a Snowy Owl reported along the causeway which turned out to be "A One day Wonder", I would have loved to have a few images of that visitor from the Great White North. Maybe another year.

There are other birds of the island whose images aren't here, there are simply too many for a blog post. No matter what time of the year the birds of Antelope Island are fascinating!

* If you are in the Great Salt Lake Area from May 17th through the 21st (2012) you may want to consider visiting the Great Salt Lake Bird Festival which includes events on Antelope Island State Park.  For more information please click here.



  1. Fascinating? I would say so! What a wonderful post. Your images are incredible. I'm putting Antelope Island on MY bucket list of birding sites that I'd like to visit!!

  2. WOW, awesome birds and a fantastic place for birding. Thanks for sharing, a great post.

  3. Fantastic post Mia! Your photos are beautiful. That bird festival sounds like a great one.

  4. Thanks for your comments on this post KaHolly, Eileen and Jeremy. Antelope Island is an awesome place for birding fun!



  6. Impresionantes fotos, que maravilla, un gran trabajo, te felicito, realmente son una maravilla.

    Un abrazo.

  7. What a fantastic invitation to Utah Mia! Your photography talent is a wonderful advocate for birding tourism in this state. Wonderful post!

  8. Thanks for your comments Anonymous, Salvador and Robert. The subjects are incredibly beautiful.

    Robert, Utah is an amazing state for birds & birding!

  9. Oh do you do all of this? How incredible to get to view all of these different species of birds in one place. From the gorgeous Shrikes, the Meadowlark, the Owls, Hawks, Falcons and all of your other entries...just magical, each and every one of them. I think my very favorite would have to be the Kestrel...why...because not only is it a phenomenal image...I never can get close enough to one to get any kind of good image, let alone one so superb as what you have shared~

  10. Stunning photos Mia! You capture your subjects perfectly! Antelope Island looks like a place I hope can visit someday!

  11. Great pictures. They all look so real. I am considering coming down for a day or two during the festival.

    Great work.

  12. Stunningly beautiful photos Mia! I love the variety of species and the wonderful images you made of them.

  13. wow, so many beautiful birds (the meadowlark is particularly beautiful) and such lovely photos (I particularly like the gull and the teals)

  14. Thanks so much for the comments on this post and images Mary, Tammy, Bill S, Linda and Crafty Green Poet. The birds on the island and the causeway to it are wonderful and amazing!

    Mary, I spend LOADS of time on the island and it is incredible to view all the birds and wildlife.

    Bill S., I am sure you would enjoy visiting the island and the Festival.

  15. Fantastic photos Mia of a place I adore and the birds I love!

  16. Thanks Kathie, I adore the island & its birds too!

  17. Oh my goodness, Mia, you have outdone yourself! Antelope Island is a place I would love to visit in the future. Your images are outstanding! When it comes to exhibiting bird behavior, your photographs can't be beat. So many beautiful, glorious birds featured in this wonderful blog post! Thanks for sharing!

  18. Absolutely wonderful images Mia. Looks and sounds like a wonderful place to see someday.

  19. Enjoyed your post, on my way to Antelope Island right now!!

    Best regards,